Marcus Junius Brutus 54 BC Denarius
M. Junius Brutus  Denarius
M. Junius Brutus . 54 BC.. Silver Denarius, 19mm. (3.85 gm). Obverse: Head of Liberty, Reverse: The Consul L. Junius Brutus walking between two lictors and preceded by

Marcus Junius Brutus 85-42 BC

The Roman politician and statesman born of Marcus Junius Brutus the elder  is

most famous for his role in the assassination of Gaius Julius Caesar. Caesar's dictatorship andattending deification was abhorrent to Brutus, who claimed descendancy from tyrant killlers onboth sides of his family (Lucius Janus Brutus, Gavis Servilius Ahala) and had been educated in part by his uncle Marcus Cato Uticensis in Stoicism which considered it just and obligatory to kill tyrants.

While aiding Cato in the governorship of Cypress, Brutus became rich as a money lender.

In 53 BC he was quaestor in Cilicia and during the Civil War of 49 BC he wa a military commander in Cilicia and Macedonia.

Though he backed Pompey in the Civil War of 49 BC, he was forgiven by the victor

Julius Caesar and was even favored by Caesar with positions as Govenor of Gaul 48 BC, Urban Praetor 44 BC, and promised Counsulship by 41 BC.

When Caesar was named "Dictator for Life" and crowned himself King, Brutus

acted with Cassius and other conspirators to assassinate him on Mar.15, 44 BC.

Amnesty was granted to the conspirators by the Senate, but the aggrieved Roman populace was less forgiving, forcing Brutus and Cassius to flee east. They eventually ruled the entire

Eastern empire, where Brutus turned Asian wealth into gold and silver Roman coins struck in his honor.

When Octavian (Augustus Caesar) seized consulship in 43, he conquered the forces

of Marcus Antonius and formed the 2nd Triumvirate of himself, Antonius and


With Marcus Antonius, Octavian subsequently defeated Brutus and Cassius in two battles  at Philippi in 42 BC. Both Cassius and Brutus commited suicide.

When Brutus fell, the Republic fell with him.